Posts in Category: Home Improvement Tips

How to build an attic in our home


The renovation of a house includes many steps. This is something must be done in order for our space to becomes more beautiful, but also more functional.  In this try out many people thing about how to build an attic in our home.Many times, however, it is just not enough to change the layout of our home or put a new kitchen and bathroom furniture, if we want to live happily and comfortably in the house.

Another problem is the one of the available space, an issue that concerns many people, especially those living in densely populated urban centers. Thus, during the time of the renovation, there are many who think about how they can expand their home by adding one or more rooms.

A beautiful and affordable way to do this is to build an attic. With it, we make the most of the vertical space and can make a small room, such as a bedroom or office, or even an entire living room. But what is the process to do this? How will the attic be constructed in such a way that it is safe but also comfortable for the living of the tenants of the house?

Roof height

The first thing we need to see, before even starting the renovation of a house, is whether the height of the roof is enough to make the attic. Even in the smallest attic a person should be able to stand, so at least two meters are required.

In case that the height is not enough, the roof will have to be raised. This is something translates into an increases to the overall cost.

Utilization of space

The next decision in the construction of the attic is the space, which will be utilized. Generally, lofts range from 25 to 50 square meters, depending on the use that will be made of them.

Based on this, the construction point of the attic and the placement of the stairs will be determined, in order to create a functional whole between the attic and the already existing building.

Necessary studies

Loft construction is not a simple home renovation and in all cases requires specific studies, in order to meet all of the modern standards for safety and comfortable living. Thus, it is necessary to make an architectural study and a study of the statics of the building.

Also it should be done implementations of current seismic legislation, especially if you live in a seismic area. In addition, ohter studies that should be done are the hydraulic one, the electrical and mechanical installation. All of them are required, so the corresponding studies will have to be done.


The construction of the attic first includes the masonry, which is usually done with a double brick wall and internal insulation, unless the metal construction is chosen for reasons of statics and minimal structural burden of the building. The mechanical and electrical installation is also done, as well as the hydraulic works, if this is necessary.

The work is supervised by the responsible engineer, who undertakes, in addition to the study and gathering of all the necessary documents and the supervision of the workshops. To complete the attic, the insulation of the roof and the installation of soundproofing and thermal insulation frames are required. Talk with your mechanic to find out about the latest technologies in the field.

Remember that there are a variety of in the market to choose form. Always check for the best quality of the products or the mechanic team who will be responsible for the task. This is something for a lifetime and you want the best for your home. Also to avoid problems in the near future.

The engineer work

The work of the engineer is the most semantic one. He is the appropriate person to research your attic. He is laos the one that is responsible for your new construction to meet modern construction standards and also the states requirements. Some features belonging to modern construction specifications are:

  • The architectural study that comes from a qualified architect or civil engineer
  • A static study that is fully seismic, according always to current legislation
  • Project supervision by an experienced engineer
  • The exterior masonry, with double brick street wall with internal insulation
  • A complete hydraulic installation, in order to have water supply and sewerage
  • The complete electrical installation in every room, for the electricity demands
  • Complete mechanical installation in all rooms
  • Aluminum frames, with double thermal insulation windows, shutters, tilts and screens where needed
  • Reinforced roof insulation

The engineer after his work will be able to gather all of the the necessary documents for the competent town planning, so he could obtain a building permit. Remember that an important condition for obtaining a building permit, is that the square meters of the existing building do not exceed the square meters specified by the town planning.

Eventually, they will give you approval to go on with the construction or not. In case you have a negative answer, then you will have to change the construction specifications in order to meet with the local planning authorities. So, we will be possitive and assume that you will finally get your approval.

The next thing for you is to decide about the type of ladder that you want. Stairs can vary in design and also cost. Your ladder can be made of wood, steel, spiral, and more elements. Your choice will determine your budget. Finally, the time it takes to complete a loft conversion will always vary depending on the size and function, such as bathrooms, toilets, showers and the other parts of the design.

It will take time and effort for you to build an attic, but in the end you will see that it is something that will be of the best thing you can do in your residence. Your will manage to bring up the price of your home and also give it a new style, while adding more room for your people. So go on and try it.


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How does an oil boiler work?

Oil boilers operate in a very similar way to gas boilers as the company καυστήρες Μπότης explain us. The fuel – in this case oil – is ignited in the combustion chamber, and a heat exchanger heats cold water – either from the mains in a combi system or from a cold water tank in a conventional system.

Heated water can be used in radiators, faucets and showers to provide heating and hot water to your home.

An oil boiler should have the same efficiency as a gas boiler. According to building regulations, oil boilers must have an energy class of at least 86% or A +. Condensing oil boilers will usually have an efficiency of 90% or higher.

This is due to the fact that oil boilers use almost all the heat and additional gas generated by the combustion of oil, converting it into additional heating energy, so that there is less waste. In addition, oil is a more efficient fuel than natural gas. This means that you will have good efficiency for each unit of energy.

What is the difference between a gas / oil boiler?

The main difference between a gas boiler and an oil boiler is the way the appliances store their fuel. A gas boiler does not need to store gas because it is connected to the mains, which means it has a constant supply of fuel. Instead, an oil boiler requires a tank to store the oil until needed.

About the oil tank

The oil tank must be located on your property and there are certain installation regulations that must be followed. The base of the tank must be strong enough to withstand the weight of the tank and its contents.

The tank must be supported on solid ground, either concrete or paving slabs at least 42 mm thick, extending at least 300 mm beyond the perimeter of the tank. If the tank is close enough to your home, a firewall should be placed between the tank and your home.

Modern oil tanks are usually made of plastic and are relatively easy to maintain. The tank should be refueled as needed to ensure that you do not run out of oil at any point. For some people the tank only needs to be filled once a year, however for larger homes with more radiators, you may find that the tank needs to be filled a few times each winter.

You need a thermostat

As with a gas heating system, your home should have at least one thermostat that tells you the room temperature, the weather compensation (maybe even smart controls). A thermostat should be placed away from a radiator and away from direct sunlight to provide accurate measurements.


The initial time of the few seconds that the fan blows without the supply of oil is of great importance. Firstly, the fan manages to perform completely after a while and secondly, it cleans the boiler from any dangerous oil fumes.

If after some unsuccessful attempts to turn on the burner the boiler is hot, then the oil sprayed from the injector and because it comes in contact with the hot parts of the boiler evaporates, thus creating a dangerous gas cloud.

When these gases come in contact with the flame an explosion ensues. So there were a lot of explosions because, some people thought it good instead of replacing a damaged electromagnetic oil valve, to remove it.

From the above it appears that the burner does not light up when:

1. There is no power supply to the burner electronics.

2. There is light from a flame or other cause inside the boiler before the electromagnetic oil valve opens.

3. No spark is created because

(a) the transformer is damaged;
(b) the electrodes are damaged or dirty;
(c) they are not placed correctly,
(d) the electronic is damaged.

4. No oil is sprayed because

(a) there is no oil,
(b) the oil electromagnetic has failed;
(c) the injector or oil supply pipe is clogged;
(d) the electronic has broken down;
(e) from other causes (icy oil, water in oil or garbage, etc.).

5. The air is much more than required (poor tamper setting or incorrect diffuser mount).

6. The photocell does not see light after opening the oil valve, because it is probably dirty or damaged or the electronics are to blame. However in this case, if the burner turns on and off then the photocell is probably to blame.
7. The electronics are damaged.

In all the above cases, the electronic blocks the operation of the burner by turning on the reset button on it. To turn on the burner, we have to press this button after a few minutes. If the burner still blocks after two or three resets, we should start looking for which instrument is damaged.

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4 reasons why your roof is leaking

4 reasons why your roof is leaking

Roofing is a good choice for homeowners who are environmentally friendly or choose the long-term energy savings solar panels provide. A common hesitation in installing solar panels on the roof of your home is the concern about roof leaks. Initially, working with qualified solar and roofing professionals is one of the best ways to ensure that your roof does not leak when you have solar panels installed. But as with most anything related to a home, every once in a while, there may be a problem with the installation or natural aging of your home or one of its systems and it needs to be repaired. If you have solar panels installed on your roof and you have a leak, it is time to contact solar installers or roofing professionals to determine the cause of the leak. In this blog post, we discuss four reasons why your roof can leak from solar panels.

If you have undergone a roof inspection by your Gikas Roofing specialist and Montclair Roofer to determine where and why your roof is leaking from your solar panels, the reason will probably fall into one of these four categories.

1. Poor installation

Although leaks are rare with a good solar panel installation, your panels may have been installed by someone you did not hire. If your roof starts leaking near your solar panels, be sure to find a reputable solar panel company to make repairs to your solar panel installation. The repairs required can range from repair, re-sealing or minor adjustments to even the need for a new shingles section.

2. Old Roof

If your solar panels were placed on top of an older roof, you could certainly create problems. Make sure you have your roof inspected by a professional roofing company before solar panel installers install a new solar panel in your home. An old roof is prone to leaks in general. Adding more drills, holes and upcoming weather could cause you to fail.

3. Roof construction

If you have wood, ceramic or clay tiles on your roof, you may have problems with a solar panel roof leak. Solar panels may not fit properly in this type of roof arrangement. Again, you should have a review from both contractors and talk to them about whether your current roof shingles are suitable for this type of solar installation.

4. Damaged

Existing damage to the roof before installing solar panels is never a good idea. Solar panels will not provide protection from the weather and wind – a good roof will do that. Make sure you have a sturdy, well-constructed roof to mount your solar panels.

Installation after solar panel

Once your solar panels are installed and operational, consider returning your canopy to Gikas Roofers for a final inspection and review of your roof. This can go a long way in ensuring that your investment is well-established and that you can avoid worrying about it in the future.

With the least chance of noticing an immediate leak, reset the solar panel and roof installation teams to give a thorough look and make any quick roof repairs. Gikas Roofing strive to bring you the best on rooftops in Montclair, New Jersey area. They provide decades of experience, training and knowledge in in roofing services. They are a leading roofing company in roof repair and home roof replacement. They will not ask for a deposit for work or materials as a reliable way to stand out from the competition, while offering you the best roofing products and services in New Jersey.

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Eco-Friendly painting tips for a more sustainable home

Are you looking for painting information on Eco-Friendly paints? The environment continues to send us messages and it is precisely the case to listen to them.

Both for us in Gikas Painting in Montclair and for all the people who populate this beautiful planet and the planet itself. Man has abused nature’s indulgence for far too long and it is time to get back in line. To bring out the sensitivity on the subject that is within us and cultivate it.

But how is it possible to give a concrete hand? Isn’t that a responsibility that the authorities and the most influential people in the society should bear? This is without a doubt. At the same time, however, it is good to take action in the first person, with conscious choices, daughters of respect.

Don’t think that you are left out because there are some simple steps to take. Let’s say he intends to repaint the house. On the market, many illustrious brands offer ecological painting.

A solution designed with the aim of having as little impact on the ecosystem as possible. The concept of the sick house, which we will present to you below, is linked to the discourse.

Why painting your house with ecological paints?

Often our attention is focused exclusively on the choice of technique and the shade of paint. Yet two types of problems arose when making a decision:

  1. excess of volatile emanations in the environments
  2. reduced breathability of the walls.

Although it may seem incredible to you, domestic (or indoor) pollution can be much more harmful than that present outside. The fumes present in a confined space (of home, work, leisure) are considerable.

We don’t realize it, yet the internal conditions of a building are often worse than those outside. And remember: in confined places we spend most of the hours of the day.

Researchers have established the link between the onset of human pathologies and conventional products for the treatment of walls. It is mainly the brain, liver, and nerves that are exposed to the risks in the event of inhalation.

The articles normally on the market create a dangerous protective barrier

In general, paints consist of a binder, a pigment, and a solvent. Now, the articles typically on the market create a real protective barrier. That is, they prevent the natural breathability of building materials.

And, therefore, they inhibit the creation of a positive living microclimate. The plastic resins and paints that coat the walls ensure that each toxic particle produced remains inside.

For every kg of paint applied, from 250 to 800 g of solvent evaporate; it is a matter of a moment to understand the number of harmful vapors inhaled. Solvents are found mainly in paints, varnishes, paint strippers, and impregnating products. In oil paints, they sometimes reach 50%, in washable murals 15%.

The most common solvents contained

Among the most common solvents, we remember benzene, one of the most dangerous. It can severely irritate the mucous membranes, lead to changes in blood composition, damage to the kidneys, liver, and spleen.

Synthetic turpentine and carbon tetrachloride have a carcinogenic action. Prolonged breathing causes nausea, irritation, and fainting. Dichloromethane can act on the nervous system. Acute poisoning causes nerve palsy. In short, there is very little to be calm and serene about!

In light of what we have just told you, you will wonder why you shouldn’t resort to ecological painting. And you do well!

The architectural tradition has allowed us to know the lime putty finishes; they are highly resistant to the formation of mold and breathable. It is not essential to aim for a 100% natural product at any cost; however, it is certainly essential that it be as much as possible.

It is essential to aspiring to concrete objectives such as the drastic reduction in the level of volatile harmful substances (the so-called VOCs).

Ecological paint for the “Third Skin”

Secondly, it is crucial to allow the transpiration of the walls, which must act as a humidity regulation filter. To refer to it, insiders use an interesting term: “Third Skin”.

If the “First Skin” is the epidermis and the “Second Skin” is given by the clothes worn; the “Third Skin” is the house in which we live. As such it must also be breathable. Simple.

Painting the walls with ecological paint is not revolutionary at all, if anything it is an ancient practice to be rediscovered. A decisive philosophy to ensure the healthiness of the air and protect from humidity.

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10 Modern ideas for living room painting

10 Modern ideas for living room painting

Why choose the best modern ideas for living room painting? If a man’s house is his castle, then the living room is the great hall. It is the room where he can gather with his own people, drinking a cup of coffee. It is the main room that one sees when entering the house after a long day. So isn’t it worth a little more attention and care?

The decoration, but also the colors for the living room is definitely a complicated affair. And because buying new furniture every time the fashion trend changes is not at all advantageous, the simplest solution is a change in the color of the walls. Then, here are 10 modern and timeless ideas for painting a living room. Trust Montclair Painting for your living room painting project!

1. White painting color

It is timeless, simple and elegant. It is always in fashion for beautiful lounges with style and signifies the classic. Also, the white color on the walls is very important because it tends to highlight the surrounding space and make it look bigger. This means that even if the living room is not too big, it can easily make it look more spacious. This property is also offered by other light shades, such as ocher, mint color, even light gray and beige.

2. Yellow painting color

According to the principles of color therapy, the color yellow stimulates self-esteem and helps fight phobias. It symbolizes joy, creativity, and even wealth. It can stimulate a good mood and most importantly, illuminate the space.

It is not necessary to choose a strong shade of course, because a soft shade of yellow can create a wonderful atmosphere of calm in the living room. Indeed, an intense shade of yellow can be tiring. You can also combine it very nicely with orange, painting the walls with the two colors alternately. The result will be happy, lively and special.

3. Beige painting color

Beige gives moderation and stability. It is a color that expresses a friendly mood and reliability. Combine it with brown elements in the space, to create a unique living room in earth tones. You can choose a light shade of it, to evenly illuminate the space and make it look bigger. Even if the furniture does not have earthy shades, they hardly do not match harmoniously with the beige.

4. Gray painting color

The king of industrial style. It is a distinctive color, which depending on the shade can be highlighted, or disappear. You can choose a light shade of gray, to illuminate the space more harmoniously and to highlight the look of the furniture.

On the other hand, choosing a darker shade, the walls will not go unnoticed and will be a piece inextricably linked to the decoration of the living room. It also combines harmoniously with most colors and offers different results, depending on its shade.

5. Blue painting color

If you need calm and relaxation at home, light blue is an excellent choice. The blue helps to concentrate the thought, relaxes and stabilizes the mood. A wall painted in light shades of green, such as lime, can have similar effects. Especially if the living room furniture has shades of white, gray, beige and brown, these colors can highlight the space.

6. Petrol painting color

Petrol is a special combination of blue and green. Petrol, although soothing on the face, is a dark color that can darken the space, if used extensively. Its main advantage is that it matches a wide range of colors and furniture and can have many combinations.

Combine petrol with beige on the walls of the living room for harmony in the space or petrol with ocher for a more modern result. Also, if you want to have a romantic and chic image in the living room, try the so-called dusty pink as a candidate match for petrol.

7. Green painting color

According to Feng Sui it is the color of renewal. Its shades are really endless and can suit any space. From mint or olive green to cypress, choose the right shade depending on the brightness and size of your living room. In addition, combine it with earth tones to make a warm and bright living room.

8. Orange painting color

If your living room needs a sense of joy and warmth, then orange is the choice for you. As a warm color, it offers light and warmth to the room, while at the same time giving a sense of vitality to family members.

Especially if your furniture has dark shades, your living room with the orange color on the walls will gain brightness. As already mentioned, the combination of orange with light yellow can also offer brightness at the same time as the feeling of joy in the space, breaking the monotony.

9. Purple painting color

The purple color expresses balance and calm. Especially in light shades, such as violet, it highlights the elegance of the space. It is ideal if your furniture has light shades, such as white, beige, light yellow, light green. However, it will be difficult to combine with dark elements of the space, because it can limit the brightness. Choosing a lighter, or darker shade of purple, will bring completely different results for the aesthetics of the living room.

10. Coffee painting color

Brown is a color that indicates stability and warmth. As a basic earth color, it promotes comfort and confidence. In order not to reduce the brightness of the space, try a balanced painting combination of coffee with other colors. Indicatively, you can paint the walls of the living room brown with gray, beige or white.

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